Author: Carlos Alberto Pérez Gómez
Artículo que aborda el problema del estudio de la conciencia desde las neurociencias y el análisis filosófico
The number of experimental studies and theories of consciousness are rapidly growing in cognitive sciences, particularly in the neurosciences. However, there is still a lack of a systematic and comprehensive understanding of the scientific-philosophical knowledge around the concept of consciousness that needs to be overcome. Although some theories such as Enactivism, Epiphenomalism or Emergentism have contributed with their different systems, here we analyze to what extent it corresponds to the neurosciences to study this phenomenon. To achieve so, we resort to the method and the Dialectical- Materialist conception, defined as the science that studies the most general laws of nature’s movements, society and thought. Therefore, the application of this method to the analysis of consciousness allows us to integrate, explain and generalize the dynamics of this phenomenon by contributing with epistemological principles consistent with the current developments of science. The concept of consciousness as a static entity is strenuous to approach, since it requires the development of a concept that implies movement, as well as the techniques that accompany it. It is possible that we should find ourselves once again in the eternal confrontation between a static Idealism and an Atomism that bets on movement, on the unfolding of life itself, in the flux and dismemberment in each step in which the reflection of the self is rooted.