Title

La construcción social de la identidad de los campesinos: Unión Ejidal Tierra y Libertad, y San José Atotonilco

Author

ADRIANA VAZQUEZ GARCIA

Contributor

ENRIQUE ORTIZ TORRES (Thesis Adviser)

Access level

Open Access

Summary or description

Tesis (Maestría en Ciencias, especialista en Estrategias para el Desarrollo Agrícola Regional).- Colegio de Postgraduados, 2012.

Ante la deshumanización de la actividad agrícola, el estudio de la identidad del campesino no ha sido tema de interés, provocado un desconocimiento en esta área. Es indispensable el reconocimiento del sujeto como objeto de estudio, afín de que éste se identifique a partir de sus propias narraciones o discursos. El propósito de esta investigación es determinar cómo construyen socialmente su identidad -desde su propia perspectiva- los campesinos de las localidades: “Unión Ejidal Tierra y Libertad”, y “San José Atotonilco”, pertenecientes al Municipio de Tlaxco, Tlaxcala. Para ello, se realizaron entrevistas de historias de vida a campesinos originarios de cada lugar. Estas entrevistas muestran cómo es que las personas se describen a partir de sus propios discursos. La actividad agrícola como profesión, el modo de explotación campesino, la familia campesina, la comunidad aldeana y la estructura social; son cinco elementos -denominados rasgos identitarios-, que por ser completos e integradores permitieron dar cuenta de cómo el individuo de identifica como tal. La forma de trabajo y destino de la producción permite considerar al campesino como un profesional. La familia campesina y el medio local son grupos sociales donde el campesino interactúa sentando las bases para su socialización. La interacción en ambos grupos da pie a que el campesino sea visto como una clase social. _______________ THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF IDENTITY OF THE PEASANTS: UNIÓN EJIDAL TIERRA Y LIBERTAD, Y SAN JOSÉ ATOTONILCO. ABSTRACT: Farming has been studied in many ways, but peasant identity has not been a topic of interest, it has caused a lack of knowledge in this area. It is essential to recognize the peasant as object of study, and that they identify themselves from their own narratives or speeches. The purpose of this research was to determine how peasants socially construct their identity by using their own perspective. Nine peasant of “Unión Ejidal Tierra y Libertad” and “San José Atotonilco", belonging to municipality of Tlaxco, Tlaxcala, Mexico, were interviewed in depth and using life history approach. These interviews showed how peasants describe themselves from own speeches. The analysis was based on five axes: agricultural activity as a profession, peasant mode of operation, peasant family, village community and social structure. They are called identity features. These elements were integrators and took account of all peasant life aspects and were a comprehensive interpretation of how individuals identified as such. Results showed that the farmer look at himself as a professional because his works is a very specialized activity and his production all ows got financial and materials resources. The peasant family and the local community are social groups where the farmer interacts, and where laying the foundation for socialization. Peasant interacts in both groups and this two interactions leads to the peasant to be considered as a social class.

Publish date

2012

Publication type

Master thesis

Information Resource

Language

Spanish

Source repository

COLPOS DIGITAL

Downloads

0

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