Advanced search


Knowledge area




2555 results, page 1 of 10

Training of human capital in health and social representations: case study in hospitals of 2° level of the area east of the state of Mexico

ALEJANDRO HERNANDEZ MORALES OSCAR DONOVAN CASAS PATIÑO OMAR ERNESTO TERAN VARELA RANULFO PEREZ GARCES ALEJANDRA RODRIGUEZ TORRES (2016)

The focus of this work is to analyze from a medical perspective the multiple aspects that guide the criteria that assumes the training of health professionals. This research is based on the theory of social representations; this theory is referred to an epistemology of the sense common, which allows to interpret the reality-the knowledge every day, product of social interactions. Within this theoretical framework, it worked with the approach process, which focuses on the content of the representation in terms of its meaning and significance. It was a descriptive study, qualitative, cross-not experimental, with interviews semistructured with three axes categorical (training, bonding and regulation). The sample was obtained in a manner not probabilistic, they interviewed 12 subject, six heads of teaching and six medical in training attached to the institutions that agreed to participate in the research. From the crossroads of knowledge, the experiences and opinions of education managers and doctors in training, is develop that the training of the professional of the health still framed in the paradigm positivist (hegemonic biomedical). Of this form is evidence a worldview in the training of the medical and an approach to this reality training, that allows carry to the reflection all those aspects forgotten that dan by made a conformation infinite and dogmatic of medical and thus, placed in the context to the actors main (universities, institutions of health, decision makers of decisions, executing or responsible of the training).

The focus of this work is to analyze from a medical perspective the multiple aspects that guide the criteria that assumes the training of health professionals. This research is based on the theory of social representations; this theory is referred to an epistemology of the sense common, which allows to interpret the reality-the knowledge every day, product of social interactions. Within this theoretical framework, it worked with the approach process, which focuses on the content of the representation in terms of its meaning and significance. It was a descriptive study, qualitative, cross-not experimental, with interviews semistructured with three axes categorical (training, bonding and regulation). The sample was obtained in a manner not probabilistic, they interviewed 12 subject, six heads of teaching and six medical in training attached to the institutions that agreed to participate in the research. From the crossroads of knowledge, the experiences and opinions of education managers and doctors in training, is develop that the training of the professional of the health still framed in the paradigm positivist (hegemonic biomedical). Of this form is evidence a worldview in the training of the medical and an approach to this reality training, that allows carry to the reflection all those aspects forgotten that dan by made a conformation infinite and dogmatic of medical and thus, placed in the context to the actors main (universities, institutions of health, decision makers of decisions, executing or responsible of the training).

Beca CONACYT estudiante de maestria

Article

training human capital in health social representations CIENCIAS SOCIALES

Social representations of the diet in patients with diabetes mellitus

OSCAR DONOVAN CASAS PATIÑO ALEJANDRA RODRIGUEZ TORRES GEORGINA CONTRERAS LANDGRAVE ISAAC CASAS PATIÑO MARIA DE LOS ANGELES MAYA MARTINEZ (2017)

The "diet" is part of the collective’s worldview, where culture shapes the webs of significance, giving way to a collective ideology internalised in each individual, which is fully accepted, assigned and assimilated by the collective. The diabetes mellitus is a condition whose importance lies in being one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. This pathology is complex, but their struggle leads to the most basic and elemental: the "diet". Methodology: Explore the common sense in relation to "diet" in patients with diabetes mellitus, via the Theory of Social Representations (SR). Semi-structured surveys were applied to 100 patients in three units of the Mexican Institute of Social Security of the State of Mexico, to define on the basis of the diabetic patients to the "diet". Results: The term "diet" is a social construct, which builds and reinforces a social reality: poverty, inequality, and decontextualized biomedical control and public policies without social inclusive. Conclusion: The end of this research reveals the thin threads of marginalization and ignomia of our collective suffering from diabetes, expose a inequality and insecurity, perpetuating a "diet" desregionalizada inadequate, contextualized, and far from the truth.

Article

social representations diet diabetes mellitus MEDICINA Y CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD

REPRESENTACIONES SEMIOTICAS, UNA ESTRATEGIA DIDACTICA PARA EL APRENDIZAJE DE ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES DE PRIMER ORDEN (EDOPOS)

ANA LUISA ESTRADA ESQUIVEL SAYDAH MARGARITA MENDOZA REYES DALIA IMELDA CASTILLO MARQUEZ (2013)

In this research the effects of a teaching proposal, which involve different semiotic representations and Geogebra software to teaching EDOPOs. To collect quantitative data, researcher will use a test for the two groups, experimental and control. Data were analyzed using the statistical t-student. For qualitative analysis of data, researcher will use a survey, previously validated. It will be used to know the students opinion about the software Geogebra and the teaching proposal. So far, researcher has done the literature review, and he is working on the development of activities.

Con esta investigación se estudiarán los efectos de una propuesta didáctica que involucra distintas representaciones semiótica y el software Geogebra para el aprendizaje de las ecuaciones diferenciales de primer orden (EDOPOs). Para la recolección de información cuantitativa se diseñó un examen para los dos grupos, el experimental y control. Los datos se analizarán con el estadístico t-student. Para el análisis cualitativo se utilizó un cuestionario, previamente validado, para conocer la opinión de los estudiantes hacia el trabajo con el software y sobre la estrategia didáctica. Hasta este momento se ha realizado el análisis bibliográfico y se está trabajando en el desarrollo de las actividades.

Article

representaciones semióticas semiotic representations CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA

Understanding University Students About Improper Integral.

ANGIE DAMIAN MOJICA FLOR MONSERRAT RODRIGUEZ VASQUEZ JESUS ROMERO VALENCIA (2020)

The study of the understanding of mathematical concepts is of great interest for research in Mathematics Education. In

this sense, an investigation is carried out on the understanding of the concept of improper integral, a basic concept from the first courses of Bachelor of Mathematics for subsequent courses. The objective is to characterize the understanding of this mathematical concept through a proficiency model for this purpose, an instrument was designed that was applied to second-year university students. The research is qualitative exploratory and is based on the framework of the Theory of records of semiotic representations.

Article

Comprehension Improper Integral Semiotic Representations Competition Model HUMANIDADES Y CIENCIAS DE LA CONDUCTA PEDAGOGÍA

A simple approach to multilingual polarity classification in twitter

Eric Tellez SABINO MIRANDA JIMENEZ Mario Graff Daniela Moctezuma Ranyart Rodrigo Suarez Ponce de Leon Oscar Sánchez Siordia (2017)

Recently, sentiment analysis has received a lot of attention due to the interest in mining opinions of social media users. Sentiment analysis consists in determining the polarity of a given text, i.e., its degree of positiveness or negativeness. Traditionally, Sentiment Analysis algorithms have been tailored to a specific language given the complexity of having a number of lexical variations and errors introduced by the people generating content. In this contribution, our aim is to provide a simple to implement and easy to use multilingual framework, that can serve as a baseline for sentiment analysis contests, and as a starting point to build new sentiment analysis systems. We compare our approach in eight different languages, three of them correspond to important international contests, namely, SemEval (English), TASS (Spanish), and SENTIPOLC (Italian). Within the competitions, our approach reaches from medium to high positions in the rankings; whereas in the remaining languages our approach outperforms the reported results.

Article

Multilingual sentiment analysis Error-robust text representations Opinion mining INGENIERÍA Y TECNOLOGÍA CIENCIAS TECNOLÓGICAS TECNOLOGÍA DE LOS ORDENADORES INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL

A Case Study of Spanish Text Transformations for Twitter Sentiment Analysis

Oscar Sánchez Siordia Eric Tellez SABINO MIRANDA JIMENEZ Mario Graff Daniela Moctezuma Elio Atenógenes Villaseñor García (2017)

Sentiment analysis is a text mining task that determines the polarity of a given text, i.e., its positiveness or negativeness. Recently, it has received a lot of attention given the interest in opinion mining in micro-blogging platforms. These new forms of textual expressions present new challenges to analyze text because of the use of slang, orthographic and grammatical errors, among others. Along with these challenges, a practical sentiment classifier should be able to handle efficiently large workloads. The aim of this research is to identify in a large set of combinations which text transformations (lemmatization, stemming, entity removal, among others), tokenizers (e.g., word n-grams), and token-weighting schemes make the most impact on the accuracy of a classifier (Support Vector Machine) trained on two Spanish datasets. The methodology used is to exhaustively analyze all combinations of text transformations and their respective parameters to find out what common characteristics the best performing classifiers have. Furthermore, we introduce a novel approach based on the combination of word-based n-grams and character-based q-grams. The results show that this novel combination of words and characters produces a classifier that outperforms the traditional wordbased combination by 11.17% and 5.62% on the INEGI and TASS’15 dataset, respectively.

Article

Sentiment Analysis Error-robust text representations Opinion mining INGENIERÍA Y TECNOLOGÍA CIENCIAS TECNOLÓGICAS TECNOLOGÍA DE LOS ORDENADORES INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL

Multimodal indexing based on semantic cohesion for image retrieval

Hugo Jair Escalante Balderas Manuel Montes y Gómez Luis Enrique Sucar Succar (2012)

This paper introduces two novel strategies for representing multimodal images with application to multimedia image retrieval. We consider images that are composed of both text and labels: while text describes the image content at a very high semantic level (e.g., making reference to places, dates or events), labels provide a mid-level description of the image (i.e., in terms of the objects that can be seen in the image). Accordingly, the main assumption of this work is that by combining information from text and labels we can develop very effective retrieval methods. We study standard information fusion techniques for combining both sources of information. However, whereas the performance of such techniques is highly competitive, they cannot capture effectively the content of images. Therefore, we propose two novel representations for multimodal images that attempt to exploit the semantic cohesion among terms from different modalities. Such representations are based on distributional term representations widely used in computational linguistics. Under the considered representations the content of an image is modeled by a distribution of co-occurrences over terms or of occurrences over other images, in such a way that the representation can be considered an expansion of the multimodal terms in the image. We report experimental results using the SAIAPR TC12 benchmark on two sets of topics used in ImageCLEF competitions with manually and automatically generated labels. Experimental results show that the proposed representations outperform significantly both, standard multimodal techniques and unimodal methods. Results on manually assigned labels provide an upper bound in the retrieval performance that can be obtained, whereas results with automatically generated labels are encouraging. The novel representations are able to capture more effectively the content of multimodal images. We emphasize that although we have applied our representations to multimedia image retrieval the same formulation can be adopted for modeling other multimodal documents (e.g., videos).

Article

Multimedia image retrieval Image annotation Distributional term representations Semantic cohesion modeling CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA MATEMÁTICAS CIENCIA DE LOS ORDENADORES CIENCIA DE LOS ORDENADORES

TURISMO Y TRANSICION SOCIAL EN BUCERIAS NAYARIT MODERNIZACION Y DESARROLLO

MARIBEL REAL CARRANZA (2018)

Analyzing the phenomenon of tourism implies going beyond the partial view of simply reviewing flows of travelers, increased accommodation (César and Arnaiz, 2006) or currency spills, as shown in many of the studies and bulletins presented by institutions and organizations such as the World Tourism Organization (WTO) that promotes the activity or the National Tourism Fund (FONATUR ), whose purpose is the development of tourism investment in Mexico or those who regulate and observe the competitive conditions of the so-called tourism industry as the International Association of Congresses and Conventions (ICCA) or the International Association of Hotels and Restaurants (IH&RA), among others.

Analizar el fenómeno del turismo implica ir más allá de la mirada parcial de revisar simplemente flujos de viajeros, incremento de alojamientos(César y Arnaiz, 2006) o derramas de divisas, como se muestra en muchos de los estudios y boletines que presentan instituciones y organismos como la Organización Mundial del Turismo (OMT) que promueve la actividad o el Fondo Nacional del Turismo (FONATUR ), cuyo propósito es el desarrollo de la inversión turística en México o bien aquellos que regulan y observan las condiciones competitivas de la llamada industria turística como la 1Asociación Internacional de Congresos y Convenciones (ICCA) o la Asociación 2Internacional de Hoteles y Restaurantes (IH&RA), entre otras.

Doctoral thesis

TURISMO TRANSICION SOCIAL MODERNIZACION DESARROLLO CIENCIAS SOCIALES

Exclusión social en las sociedades multiculturales: comparación entre la situación actual en México y la República Checa

RAFAEL JUAREZ TOLEDO Andrea Preissová Krejci (2015)

El día 1 de marzo de 2012 se conmemoró en la ciudad de Praga el nonagésimo aniversario de las relaciones diplomáticas checo-mexicanas, en donde se destacó la creciente cooperación entre ambos países. En el ámbito académico, esta realidad se refleja en el presente libro titulado Exclusión social en las sociedades multiculturales. Comparación entre la situación actual en México y la República Checa. En Olomouc, República Checa, en julio de 2012 se reunieron investigadores del Departamento de la Sociología y Andragogía de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras de la Universidad de Palacký (up) y de la Facultad de Economía de la Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México (uaem). El producto de esa reunión fue el acuerdo sobre la cooperación académica y de investigación con el objetivo de establecer condiciones para un intercambio académico y profesional a través de una publicación conjunta dedicada a una serie de temas abordados desde la perspectiva comparativa y contribuir al debate sobre la teoría y metodología en los temas sociales y económicos de México y la República Checa. El primer resultado de dicho compromiso fue realizar una monografía colectiva elaborada en dos mutaciones lingüísticas (español y checo) con la participación de investigadores de ambas universidades, la cual consistió en presentar una serie de estudios comparativos. En esta publicación, conformada por ocho capítulos se establecieron dos propósitos: en primer lugar, se buscó compartir los procedimientos metodológicos dentro del análisis de los temas seleccionados y, en segundo, se pretendió generar una aportación a la comprensión de la problemática social y económica checa y mexicana. México y la República Checa son países con una historia diametralmente distinta y, por lo tanto, los procesos de desarrollo tienen carácter diferente. A pesar de ello, ambos países comparten en buena medida una serie de problemas sociales y económicos, aunque su magnitud, forma de percepción y medidas implementadas difieren debido al contexto específico de cada país. En esta comparación de ambos

Book

exclusión social sociedades multiculturales México República Checa CIENCIAS SOCIALES

La configuración del espacio en el discurso cinematográfico: Los diferentes paisajes en "Babel" de Alejandro González Iñárritu

Miriam Reyes Tovar (2009)

Instituto de Investigaciones Filosóficas. Institucional en Filosofía de la Cultura

The present investigation has as starting point a reflection that he/she has come us accompanying during our formation in the master of philosophy of the culture, and that it resides in the fact of ending up understanding, perhaps not in an absolute way, but if at least looking for the limits that you/they help us to understand the rules in the interpretation of the cultural phenomena in their relationship with the social and geographical aspects (space). The above-mentioned says it of agreement in the fact that at the moment to speak of processes social, it is to speak of a relationship between human being and space and the correspondence that among these two elements he/she settles down. It is hence that we plead for one reconcientización of the configuration and development that the social processes have in the space like important part for the social dynamics. Reason for the one which, we consider that it is of supreme importance to position us before this mediating discussion those different authors' voices that you/they have spoken in this respect.

La presente investigación tiene como punto de partida una reflexión que nos ha venido acompañando durante nuestra formación en la maestría de filosofía de la cultura, y que radica en el hecho de llegar a comprender, tal vez no de forma absoluta, pero si al menos buscando los lineamientos que nos ayuden a entender las pautas en la interpretación de los fenómenos culturales en su relación con los aspectos sociales y geográficos (espaciales). Lo anterior lo decimos de acuerdo en el hecho de que actualmente hablar de procesos sociales, es hablar de una relación entre ser humano y espacio y la correspondencia que entre estos dos elementos se establece. Es por ello que abogamos por una reconcientización de la configuración y desenvolvimiento que los procesos sociales tienen en el espacio como parte importante para la dinámica social. Razón por la cual, consideramos que es de suma importancia posicionarnos ante ésta discusión mediante las voces de diferentes autores que han hablado al respecto.

Master thesis

HUMANIDADES Y CIENCIAS DE LA CONDUCTA IIF-M-2009-0019 Reflexión Babel Social Discurso Cine