Author: NEFTALI GARCIA CASTRO
NEFTALI GARCIA CASTRO (2016)
This research presents an extensive review of the theory of economic assimilation of the territory. This line of study
of economic geography has been used to analyze the economic dynamics of the Mexican Republic. The present
paper shows the epistemological platform, which emerged in the former Union of Soviet Socia list Republics, and the
contributions made by researchers from the Institute of Geography at the National Autonomous University of Mexico.
In sum, our research exposes the epistemological bases and the methodological solutions related to each of the
categories of the theory of economic assimilation of the territory: level, type and grade.
NEFTALI GARCIA CASTRO (2018)
This research synthesizes a series of geo-historical events around the economic-productive configuration of the state of Guerrero. This document presents the following: 1) the sequence that must be followed to prepare a matrix with the relevant events for an analysis from the geo-historical point of view; 2) at the same time, the document addresses the fundamental reasons that support the selection of this approach and the methodological solution proposed; and 3) it shows the historical stages based on the preponderant economic form of occupation of the territory of Guerrero
The city of Acapulco is considered the second most violent in the world; only surpassed by Tijuana, Baja California, since, in recent years, very high homicide rates have been recorded as a result of the organized crime that operates in this Guerrero city. The phenomenon of violence has permeated in most of the spaces of the inhabitants of the city, despite the different strategies undertaken by the federal, state and local government that seek to address this social problem; it has reached levels that are unprecedented in national history and has disrupted the daily life of the Acapulqueña population, which suffers diverse psychosocial effects; among those who emphasize anxiety, stress and fear. The purpose of this investigation was to identify how violence occurs in the city of Acapulco, Guerrero
This paper reveals the social vulnerability levels of the city of Chilpancingo, Guerrero. First, we present the cognitive support around social vulnerability; in particular, those conceptual approach used in this research. Then, we describe the sequence used to determine the socio-territorial differences of this Mexican city -based on the probabilistic classification method, which established the guidelines to assess the heterogeneous access to a set of assets and opportunity structure to determine the levels of social vulnerability of the population analyzed.
Esta investigación evalúa las condiciones de vulnerabilidad social que hay en Ixtapa y Zihuatanejo, Guerrero (México). Primero, se define el enfoque cognoscitivo y la secuencia empleada para determinar las diferencias socioterritoriales presentes en ambos asentamientos guerrerenses; se revisan los aportes conceptuales hechos en América Latina y el método del valor índice medio, ya que da pauta para evaluar el acceso diferenciado a un conjunto de activos y estructura de oportunidades que inciden en las condiciones de vulnerabilidad social
This research had the objective of evaluating the conditions of social vulnerability in Ixtapa and Zihuatanejo, (Guerrero, Mexico). Firstly, a cognitive approach and the sequence to determine social and territorial differences in both Guerrero settlements were defined. Some contributions made in Latin America were reviewed as well as the average index value method.
Social vulnerability is a fundamental category to formulate prevention criteria, as well as to measure the impact and actions subsequent to the occurrence of natural or anthropic phenomena that generate adverse consequences in the persons (collectively and individually). This concept explains how the socioeconomic characteristics cause different ways of managing the risk caused by unfavorable events (natural or anthropic). In this way, based on social ulnerability as a category of analysis and the average index value as statistical technique, this research proposes a conceptual-methodological alternative to formulate territorial ordering criteria in the medium-sized cities of the state of Guerrero; Acapulco, Chilpancingo and Iguala.
This paper examines the territorial effects of a Program geared to alleviating poverty, called Oportunidades. This is done by looking at the consequences of cash transfers of this pro gram in an ethnic settlement, La Concordia,
in the State of Guerrero, Mexico. A semi-struc tured questionnaire was the research instru ment useful to interrogate key actors of the local commercial sector about demand-offer trends in La Concordia. We firstly describe the so cio-economic characteristics of Ayutla, its role in the dynamic of the regional economy and the type of commercial activity present in county seat and smaller villages, most of which have a predominant indian population.
Open-pit mining is one of the economic activities that most affects ecosystems and human settlements near them. The purpose of this research was to expose the socio-environmental impact of the Canadian company Goldcorp, In the town of Mezcala, Guerrero. This research work was divided into two phases; First, a review of the main cognitive contributions related to MCA was carried out; In this part of the cabinet work, timely information was selected in order to emphasize the socio-environmental scenarios that characterize this economic activity and, consequently, the substantial factors that have led to the socio-environmental reconfiguration of Mezcala. In a second stage, a non-probabilistic sampling was performed; a key informant was contacted to establish communication with other fundamental social actors whose daily activity is associated with the mining exploitation carried out in this Guerrero town. Based on the foregoing, it was identified that, in Mezcala, mining activity has caused over-exploitation of various natural resources essential for the extraction of gold.
This work aims to expose the configuration of the State of Guerrero, based on the theory of economic assimilation and the probabilistic classification. This theoretical-methodological proposal of economic geography contributes to the interpretation of the relationship that are social, physical, and economic components in a particular space.
In the framework of the planning and territorial ordering, knowledge of the territory through indicators is of utmost importance, for revealing the territorial differences in natural, social and economic; They allow a diagnosis to identify the various problems to be starting point for decision making, to carry out an adequate political and administrative organization, a rational and productive utilization of human and natural resources. The State of Guerrero, located in an area with difficult access because of its geographical conditions, makes that there are socio-economic differences. It is proposed to obtain a synthetic cartographic image of the entity based five socio-economic indicators and thus described, the socio-economic levels of development of the municipalities of the State of Guerrero.