Author: Dora Alicia Solís Casados

Desarrollo de fotocatalizadores basados en TiO2 en forma de película delgada para la degradación de moléculas orgánicas en solución acuosa

LUIS ESCOBAR ALARCON Dora Alicia Solís Casados (2020)

En este volumen ademas del capitulo, participo como editora invitada

TiO2 is used in a wide variety of applications, including photocatalysis in the environmental area for surface self-cleaning as well as air and water purification. In order to develop new materials with better photocatalytic response, it has been proposed the modification of TiO2 following different strategies. In this work, the basics of photocatalysis are summarized discussing the advantages of using photocatalysts in thin film form. The results of the preparation and characterization of zinc-modified TiO2 thin films using a novel synthesis route are presented; these indicate that depending on the Zn load incorporated into the film mixtures of TiO2 with Zn titanates are formed. The obtained results in the photocatalytic evaluation of the films in the degradation of the malachite green dye are shown, it was found that the films containing Zn have a better response practically doubling the degradation degree obtained with the sample without Zn. KEYWORDS: photocatalysis, TiO2, thin film, malachite green.


fotocatálisis TiO2 Película Delgada verde de malaquita BIOLOGÍA Y QUÍMICA

Advanced Oxidation Processes: Ozonation and Fenton Processes Applied to the Removal of Pharmaceuticals


This chapter aims to present the fundamentals, important variables, and pharmaceuticals removed by ozonation and Fenton, which are only two of the current existing advanced oxidation processes. Some toxicological information regarding pharmaceuticals oxidized by ozonation is also included. Some strategies to improve such processes, like adding a catalyst, light, or electrical current, are also analyzed. Thus, this chapter intends to present general but fundamental aspects of the aforementioned processes.

Book part

hydrogen peroxide hydroxyl radicals mineralization oxydation water remediation BIOLOGÍA Y QUÍMICA

Quantification of the sulfidation extent of Mo in CoMo HDS catalyst through XPS

ADOLFO ROMERO GALARZA Mariela Bravo-Sanchez Jorge Fernando Ramírez Solis AIDA GUTIERREZ ALEJANDRE Dora Alicia Solís Casados (2019)

Background removal in X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) spectra was carried out in Co–Mo hydrodesulfurization (HDS) catalysts supported alumina using traditional and recent methods. The sulfidation extent, expressed by the XPS area ratio AMo3d-MoS2/AMo3d-Total, which is a fundamental parameter in the performance of a hydrodesulfurization catalyst, was obtained using different methodologies. The methods include the use of the background active approach, in which the background is optimized during peak-fitting. The method allows for the use of several types of backgrounds, which proved crucial for fitting the Mo 3d-S 2s and the S 2p–Si 2p regions. Both regions contain two overlapped elements, making fundamental a distinction between them. In these cases, a slope background subtraction was used in conjunction with the Shirley-Vegh-Salvi-Castle (SVSC) method to have a clear distinction between the different strengths of backgrounds arising from the overlapped peaks Mo 3d-S 2s and S 2p–Si 2p. From the resulting fitting, the relative percentage (% rel.) of each species present in Mo and S in the catalyst CoMoAl was obtained. The results were compared with those obtained using the static (traditional) approach. With these results, the sulfidation extent, an important parameter in the performance of the HDS catalyst was determined.

Adolfo-Romero Galarza thanks Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACyT), Mexico for their postdoctoral fellowship (ID. 1908/2010C ) . We acknowledge financial support from Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico ( DGAPA) Mexico, UNAM , project PAPIIT-IN-113015 . The authors appreciate the support provided by Gustavo Gomez-Sosa (CINVESTAV-Qro.) for the acquisition of the XPS data and Alberto Herrera-Gómez (CINVESTAV-Unidad Queretaro, Mexico) for engaging in useful discussion regarding the spectra fitting and for providing computer program AANALYZER version 1.2.


HDS catalysts Quantitative XPS SVSC background XPS composition INGENIERÍA Y TECNOLOGÍA

Two-dimensional carbon nanostructures obtained by laser ablation in liquid: effect of an ultrasonic field


en este articulo se detallan procedimientos de síntesis de materiales novedosos obtenidos por ablación láser

The ablation of a carbon target immersed in deionized water, in absence and in presence of ultrasonic waves is reported, and the differences investigated. The obtained nanostructures are characterized by transmission electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and photoluminescence. Transmission electron images reveal that the produced carbon nanostructures, with and without ultrasonic excitation, are graphene-like sheets with improved quality in the first case. Samples prepared with ultrasounds show graphene layers with large sizes (several microns) and regular shapes, whereas the samples prepared without ultrasounds show smaller sizes and irregular shapes; additionally, some dispersed quasi-spherical nanoparticles are observed in the samples prepared without ultrasound. Photoluminescence measurements of the obtained nanostructures reveal emission in the blue spectral region.



graphene laser ablation BIOLOGÍA Y QUÍMICA