Author: DORA CECILIA SANCHEZ HIDALGO HERNANDEZ

Negociando el derrumbe de la muralla: el Ferrocarril Mexicano en la política urbanística del puerto de Veracruz, 1863-1885

Negotiating the demolition of the wall: The Mexican Railway in the Urban Policy of the Port of Veracruz, 1863-1885

DORA CECILIA SANCHEZ HIDALGO HERNANDEZ (2020)

En 1885 Veracruz era una de las ciudades mejor comunicadas del país; ahí llegaban tres líneas troncales de los ferrocarriles más importantes y contaba con un complejo sistema de tranvías urbanos. La historiografía sobre los ferrocarriles ha reducido a las ciudades a centros articuladores. La

propuesta para este artículo es que la transformación urbana y la construcción de los ferrocarriles deben estudiarse como parte del mismo proceso a dos escalas: la competencia por las concesiones de ramales férreos a nivel regional y a nivel del espacio urbano, desde las calles y terrenos donde se construyó la infraestructura. En Veracruz la participación del gobierno

local en las negociaciones con el Ferrocarril Mexicano fue crucial para la integración del comercio local a la economía portuaria.

In 1885 the city of Veracruz had one of the most integrated transportation infrastructures in the country. Three of the major trunk railroads lines arrived there, and it also had a complex urban trolley system. In historical work on railroads, the significance of cities has typically been downplayed as

network centers within the national economic domain. Meanwhile, at the regional level, economic history has shown that the building of railroads’ infrastructure not only created enclave economies, but also boosted local markets’ growth and development. In the article I argue that both the urban transformation of a city and the construction of national railroads

should be studied as two critical elements of the same process: the economic impact of competition between branch line building and operational license at the regional level, as well as the impact at the local level, on street layout and pieces of land where transportation infrastructure was built. I show that through this dual process, the city of Veracruz’s negotiation with the Mexican Railroad Company was crucial to the integration of local trade into the port’s national and export economy.

Article

CIENCIAS SOCIALES HISTORIA HISTORIA POR ESPECIALIDADES Ciudad Ferrocarril Concesiones Ayuntamiento Tranvías City Railway Concessions City council Tramways